Argentina has a 5aday programme called 5 al Dia
Location: Argentina is in South America and occupies most of the land south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. It has a long Atlantic coastline stretching from Uruguay and the River Plate to Tierra del Fuego. To the west lie Chile and the Andes mountains, while to the north are Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil.
Capital City: Buenos Aires
Climate: The climate varies greatly from sub-tropical in the Chaco region in the north to sub-arctic in Patagonia, generally with moderate summer rainfall. Temperatures in Buenos Aires, the capital, are usually between 5°C (41°F) and 29°C (84°F).
Horticulture: Argentina is one of the greatest food-producing and exporting countries in the world. Apples, citrus and grapes (for wine) are some of their largest crops. Feijoas and tamarillos are thought to be native to Argentina.
Food and cooking: Argentina's national cuisine is a fusion of Spanish, Indigenous and Italian dishes. Barbequed vegetables and meat (asado) are very popular along with stews and pizzas.
Australia has a 5aday programme called Go for 2&5
Location: Australia, our closest neighbour is the smallest continent and one of the largest countries on Earth, lying between the Pacific and Indian oceans in the Southern Hemisphere.
Capital City: Canberra
Climate: Australia’s climate varies widely because it is a large country, with a significant amount of land being desert or semi-arid. The south-east and south-west corners have a temperate climate, while the north is temperate.
Horticulture: Because a significant part of Australia is desert, only certain regions are suitable to grow fruit and vegetables. The climatic diversity means they can grow an extensive range of crops. Tropical fruit grows well in Queensland, while stone fruit, citrus and grapes grow well in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. Traditionally, fruit and vegetables were mainly grown on small-scale family farms, however this is changing slowly. The majority of fresh fruit and vegetables are grown for the domestic market with exports making up around 13% of total production.
Food and cooking: Aboriginal traditional cooking methods include roasting over hot wood coals. For the general population, cooking methods are similar to those in Britain - roasting, boiling, baking and frying. Of course the BBQ must get a mention when referring to cooking in Australia. BBQ’s are a way of life for many due to the warm climate over much of the country.
Brazil has a 5aday programme called 5 ao Dia
Location: Brazil is located on the east-central coast of South America. It is the largest country in South America and the fourth-largest in the world. Brazil borders 10 of the 12 South American countries.
Capital City: Brasilia
Climate: Due to the varying heights above sea level of Brazil’s landscape and the proximity to the coast, the climate varies from region to region. There are five distinct climatic zones which are described as Equatorial, Tropical, Semi-Arid, Subtropical and Coastal.
Horticulture: Brazil is one of the world’s largest producers of fruit. Main crops include oranges, papaya, bananas and pineapples. Brazil also produces significant amounts of limes, apples, tangerines and grapes. Although vegetable crops are not as substantial, vegetables are produced around the main cities such as Sao Paulo by a very large number of small farmers, and relative small number of large farms in new regions where vegetables such as tomato, carrots and melons are grown as arable crops.
Food and cooking: The Portuguese arrived in Brazil in 1500 and brought their tastes and styles of cooking with them. Other nationalities that settled, including Japanese, Italians, Arabs and Germans, have also had an influence. Each region has a different food specialty, however many dishes evolve around three key ingredients - arroz which is white rice, feijao which are black beans and farinha which is like flour. Feijoada is considered to be the national dish, which is stew of meat, beans and rice, however, Cozido is also a popular stew made with potatoes, carrots and other vegetables.
Canada has a 5aday programme called Fruit and Veggies - Mix it Up
Location: Canada is located in the northern-most region of North America. Its southern territories run along the northern border of the United States. Canada is one of the largest countries in the world, second to Russia in territorial size.
Capital City: Ottawa
Climate: Canada’s climate is as diverse as its landscape. In winter, temperatures fall below freezing point throughout most of Canada. But the south-western coast has a relatively mild climate. During the summer months the southern provinces can experience high humidity and temperatures. In the more populated regions along the border of the United States there are four distinct seasons.
Horticulture: Fruit production in Canada is well suited to its cold climate and short growing seasons. Native blueberries and cranberries grow particularly well, along with apples and grapes.
Food and cooking: The Inuit population of Canada cooked with wild ingredients, including game, salmon, berries, wild rice and maple syrup. In recent times, regional cuisine reflects the cultures of the settlers. Eastern Canada has English and French influences, Northern Canada is influenced by the native Inuit diet and on the West Coast, Asian immigrants inspire the local cuisine.
Chile has a 5aday programme called 5 al dia
Location: Chile is located in the Southern part of South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru
Capital City: Santiago
Climate: Because Chile extends so far from north to south, it has many different climatic zones. Generally speaking the weather is more moderate near the coast and much colder in the mountains. The central region of Chile experiences a climate much like that of the Mediterranean coastline with warm, dry summers and moderately wet, cool winters.
Horticulture: Chile is one of the largest producers and shippers of fresh fruit in the southern hemisphere. It is protected from pests and disease by the Andes mountains on one side and the ocean on the other. This protection and the Mediterranean climate in central Chile, make a favorable environment for growing a wide variety of produce.
Food and cooking: Chilean cuisine can be described as a unique combination of Spanish, German, Italian, Croatian and French cuisine. Lunch is considered to be the main meal. Common produce used in cooking includes corn, tomatoes, onions and potatoes.
Location: China is located in Southeast Asia and is the world's third largest country, after Russia and Canada. China shares its borders with 14 countries in total: Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Burma, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakstan, Mongolia and Russia.
Capital City: Beijing
Climate: China is a large country spanning 35 degrees of latitude meaning its climate can vary radically and ranges from being sub-tropical in the south to sub-arctic in the north. Variations in land elevation also contribute to the extreme climatic differences.
Horticulture: China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of horticultural products. It has a long history of fruit production dating back thousands of years. A number of different fruit varieties that we consume today are native to China, including peaches, apricots and Asian pears. The main fruit produced in China are apples, citrus, pears, melons, grapes, bananas, pineapples, lychees and longans, while the main vegetables produced are Chinese and European cabbages, tomatoes, Chinese radishes, beans, capsicums, mushrooms, asparagus, potatoes and onions.
Food and cooking: The Chinese use a wide range of fresh vegetables in their cooking. A lot of Chinese cooking is done in a wok – it’s used for stir-frying, deep-frying and steaming (food is placed in bamboo baskets inside the wok).
Location: The Cook Islands comprises 15 small islands. It is in the middle of the South Pacific ocean between Tonga to the west and the Society Islands to the east.
Capital City: Avarua on Rarotonga Island
Climate: The Cook Islands enjoy an even climate year round with temperatures ranging from 18-29ºC The wet season lasts from January to early May.
Horticulture: The southern areas of the Cook Islands, including the island of Rarotonga, are more suitable to horticulture with rich volcanic soils. The majority of Cook Islands families grow produce for themselves including taro, yams, sweet potatoes and bananas. Coconuts grow widely in Rarotonga. With the warm climate passionfruit, starfruit, pawpaw and other tropical fruit also grow well.
Food and cooking: Fresh, tropical ingredients that are abundantly available feature in Cook Islands' cuisine. Seafood is a staple as is coconut, breadfruit, cassava and papaya. Traditionally food is prepared in an umu, or earth oven in which the food is cooked over heated stones.
Denmark has a 5aday programme called 6 om dagen
Location: Denmark is in Northern Europe, bordered primarily by the Baltic and North Seas. It consists of the peninsula of Jutland, north of Germany, and close to 406 islands, about 80 of which are inhabited.
Capital City: Copenhagen
Climate: Denmark has a temperate climate, the mildness is due to the prevailing westerly winds and the fact that the country is virtually encircled by water.
Horticulture: Denmark’s main vegetable crops include sugar beets, potatoes, cabbages and onions. Apples and strawberries grow in Denmark. Due to the climate, some crops are grown in greenhouses such as tomatoes and cucumbers.
Food and cooking: Danish dinners traditionally are based around meat, potatoes and gravy. In the past salting, smoking or pickling was common to ensure food lasted through the winter.
Location: Fiji is a group of islands or an archipelago located north of New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. It is made up of over 300 islands of which about one third are inhabited. The two main islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu make up around 85% of Fiji’s land mass.
Capital City: Suva
Climate: Fiji’s climate is warm and tropical all year round, with the warmest months being December through to April. The wet season in Fiji lasts from November to April and the dry season runs from May to October. Occasionally Fiji experiences tropical cyclones, some of which can cause severe damage.
Horticulture: The main commercial crops grown in Fiji include sugar cane and coconuts. Other crops grown include ginger, cassava, bananas, breadfruit and taro.
Food and cooking: Traditional Fijian cooking utilise fresh, local ingredients such as fish, rice, sweet potato, coconut and breadfruit. Food for celebrations is often cooked on heated stones in an underground oven, similar to our own hangi. Kokoda is a popular Fijian dish consisting of raw fish marinated in a dressing of coconut milk, lime or lemon juice, onion, tomato and chilli. Due to the large Indian population in Fiji, cuisine has taken on an Indian influence. Chinese and European influences also come through in Fijian cuisine.
France has a 5aday programme called 10 Par Jour
Location: France is in Western Europe and lies between the Mediterranean Sea on the southeast and the Bay of Biscay and English Channel to the north and west. It shares borders with Andorra, Monaco, Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy and Spain.
Capital City: Paris
Climate: France has a temperate climate with mild temperatures throughout the year, with a plentiful mix of rainfall and sunshine. Each region has its own particular climate: cooler and wetter to the north and west and warmer and drier in the Mediterranean.
Horticulture: A wide variety of produce grows well. Fruit produced includes: apples, cherries, pears and grapes. Vegetable crops include; asparagus, cabbage and artichokes. Mushrooms, particularly truffles, are also grown in France and have long been associated with French cuisine. Porcini and chanterelle are other popular mushroom varieties grown in France.
Food and cooking: Food plays a major role in the country's culture and social life. A typical family meal starts with a soup, followed by vegetables and a meat dish, a salad, cheese, and dessert. Meals are usually served with wine and even the children can have a little on special occasions. Popular cooking methods include: flambéing, sautéing, poaching, braising and baking. French chefs are famous for their pastries. Remember that according to French dining etiquette you should keep your hands in sight at all times; so no folding them in your lap.
Germany has a 5aday programme called 5 am Tag
Location: Germany is located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea between France and Poland. Germany also shares boundaries with the Baltic Sea, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands
Capital City: Berlin
Climate: Germany has a temperate climate and diverse landscape making it possible to grow a wide variety of crops.
Horticulture: Asparagus production is high in Germany taking up almost one fifth of the area used for growing open ground vegetables. Carrot production is also high in Germany.
Food and cooking: Potatoes are a staple food in Germany and the preparation varies by region. Some regions use potatoes in stews; others prepare them with pears, bacon and beans. Vegetables such as asparagus and cabbage also feature in German cuisine.
Location: Greece is located in Southern Europe on the southernmost point of the Balkan Peninsula and is surrounded by: the Aegean Sea, the Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. Greece shares borders with Albania, Macedonia (formerly part of Yugoslavia), Bulgaria and Turkey.
Capital City: Athens
Climate: Greece has a typical Mediterranean climate with mild and rainy winters, warm and dry summers with extended periods of sunshine throughout most of the year.
Horticulture: Farming and growing fruit and vegetables has been important to the Greeks since ancient times because the mountains that separate City States made it difficult to trade food with others. The ancient Greeks had to grow all of their own food. Grain for cereal is the largest crop grown in more recent times. Other crops grown in Greece include: olives (for oil and eating), grapes, citrus, peaches, apricots, apples, pears, figs and a range of vegetables.
Food and cooking: Fresh fruit and vegetables feature prominently in Greek cuisine. The Greek way of eating is often referred to as the Mediterranean diet, which researchers have found helps protect against heart disease. Popular dishes include moussaka, made by layering eggplant with spiced meat, and topping with béchamel sauce; Spanakopita or Greek spinach pie is another favourite.
Hungary has a 5aday programme called 3x3
Location: Hungary is a landlocked country in central Europe bordered by Austria, Slovakia, the Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia. Located in the Carpathian Basin, it is surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains, the Alps and the Dinaric Alps.
Capital City: Budapest
Climate: Hungary’s climate is continental with warm, dry summers and cold winters. In winter the temperature can go as low as 20°C below zero and on summer days temperatures can reach as high as 35°C.
Horticulture: Hungary’s main crops are wheat and maize. Grapes, apples, corn, chilli, garlic and potatoes are also grown for export.
Food and cooking: Fruit and vegetables are among the most popular food products in the Hungarian diet. Fresh fruit and vegetables are served in almost all Hungarian households. Hungarian food has taken influence from neighbouring Slavic countries: Germany, Austria,and France. Potatoes, onions and cabbage are staples of Hungarian cooking. Paprika and garlic also feature. Some interesting Hungarian cuisine includes different forms of vegetable stews called főzelék made from simply simmering vegetables. Cold fruit soups are also popular, like cold sour cherry soup.
Location: India is located in the south of the Asian continent, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. India borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar (also known as Burma) and Bangladesh.
Capital City: New Delhi
Climate: India varies in climate from region to region and can be divided into at least six sub-climates and micro-climates. These include the hot desert climate in the northwest, permanent snowfields in the north, tropical coastlands in the south and southwest and fertile and intensively cultivated fields in the northeast. India's climate is also governed by the monsoon or rainy season in June to September.
Horticulture: India is one of the largest horticultural producers in the world. The various climates in India are suitable for growing a wide range of crops. Rice and wheat are the main crops grown. Mangoes are the top fruit crop grown and make up a large portion of the world’s mango exports. Although over 1,000 varieties of mango grow in India, only a few are grown commercially. Bananas, potatoes and tomatoes also feature in the top 10 crops grown.
Food and cooking: Indian cuisine varies by region, available produce, religious and cultural beliefs. Common vegetables used in Indian dishes include onions, garlic, ginger, chillies, potatoes and okra. Vegetarian dishes are popular and Indian cuisine is famous for its use of herbs and spices.
Italy has a 5aday programme called Frutta nelle Scuole
Location: Italy is located in southern Europe and is a peninsula extending into the Central Mediterranean Sea. It is shaped like a high-heeled boot kicking a "triangle" (the island of Sicily). Italy borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. Italy also borders two small independent states, San Marino and the Vatican.
Capital City: Rome
Climate: Most of Italy has a Mediterranean climate (long, warm summers and mild winters), however there are variations between North and South Italy. North of Florence the winter can be very cold and the summers hot and humid. In Southern Italy and the islands, winters are not particularly harsh.
Horticulture: Italy grows a range of fruit and vegetables including tomatoes, citrus, grapes and olives. Along with New Zealand and Chile it is one of the world’s largest kiwifruit producers and is also a large producer of olives and grapes.
Food and cooking: Pasta and pizza are the most common foods associated with Italy, along with parmesan and mozzarella cheeses. Tomatoes, eggplant, zucchini and capsicums are commonly used in these dishes. Italians also eat a lot of roasted vegetables and lunch is considered the most important meal of the day.
Japan has a 5aday programme called 5 A Day
Location: Japan is an archipelago (chain of islands) made up of 3000 islands. It is situated to the east of North Korea and South Korea.
Capital City: Tokyo
Climate: Most of Japan is in the Northern Temperate Zone of the earth and has a humid monsoon climate, with southeasterly winds blowing from the Pacific Ocean during the summer and northwesterly winds blowing from the Eurasian continent in the winter.
Horticulture: Around two thirds of the land in Japan is mountainous; some of the mountainous areas are terraced to grow crops. About half of the arable land (land that can be farmed) in Japan is devoted to growing rice. Vegetable and fruit crops grown in Japan include turnips, spinach, eggplant, cucumber, white radishes, mandarins, grapes, pears, peaches, and apples.
Food and cooking: Rice is the staple component of virtually every meal in Japan. Vegetables are also fundamental in Japanese cooking. Radish, cabbage, eggplant and sweet potatoes are some of the vegetables that feature in rice, noodle, tempura and sushi dishes. The Japanese are known for using very fresh ingredients in their cooking, preferring to use fresh, seasonal produce for their meals, buying it the same day it will be cooked. The Japanese are also famous for their skill in arranging food and carving fruit and vegetables into beautiful sculptures.
Lithuania has 5 a day programme called 5diena
Location: Lithuania is located in Northern Europe. Lithuania borders Latvia in the north, Poland and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) on the southwest and Belarus on the south and east. Lithuania’s eastern shore is situated next to the Baltic Sea.
Capital City: Vilnius
Climate: Lithuania’s climate is typically described as warm and dry in the summer with fairly severe winters. The summer temperature is typically 19°C but can on occasion reach 30°C or more. July is the warmest month of the year for Lithuania. The winter months are much cooler with an average in January of -2.9°C its lowest temperature can drop to below 30°C during severe frosts.
Horticulture: Lithuanian agriculture includes family farms and farms owned by corporate houses. The most important crops produced in Lithuania are potatoes, sugar beets and wheat.
Food and cooking: Lithuanian cuisine features the products suited to its cool and moist northern climate: barley, potatoes, rye, beets, greens and mushrooms are locally grown, and dairy products are one of its specialties. Cepelinai, potato dumplings stuffed with meat, curd cheese or mushrooms, is the most famous national dish.
Mexico has a 5aday programme called 5 x Dia
Location: Mexico is located in North America and is bordered by the United States to the north, Belize and Guatemala to the south, the Gulf of Mexico to its east and the North Pacific Ocean to its west.
Capital City: Mexico City
Climate: The Tropic of Cancer divides the country into temperate and tropical climate zones. Northern Mexico experiences cooler temperatures during the winter months. In the south temperatures are fairly constant year round. Most of Mexico is deficient in rainfall.
Horticulture: Mexico’s climate and fertile soil makes it ideal for growing fruit trees and a large variety of fruit is grown and harvested all year round. Fruit grown includes: apples, oranges, grapes, tangerines, grapefruit, pears, bananas, lemons, limes and mangoes. Corn and beans are staples in Mexico and are amongst the largest crops grown.
Food and cooking: Mexican cuisine is known for its strong and mixed flavours. Corn, beans and chillies are daily staples, with other produce such as tomatoes and avocados featuring also. Food is often flavoured with oregano, cumin and chilli powder. Common cooking methods include frying, grilling and steaming.
Netherlands have a 5aday programme called 2 x 2
Location: Once called Holland, the Netherlands is located in Western Europe. It borders Belgium in the south, Germany to the east and north, and the North Sea on its western coast.
Capital City: Amsterdam
Climate: The Netherlands has a temperate maritime climate influenced by the North Sea and Atlantic Ocean, with cool summers and mild winters.
Horticulture: Although the Netherlands is most famous for its cheese, fruit and vegetable production also plays a part in the Dutch economy. It is one of the world's three leading producers of fruit and vegetables and supplies a quarter of the vegetables exported from Europe. Potatoes are the main crop by volume. Dutch inventiveness under glass is well known and greenhouses are said to cover more than 60 km2, like a city of glass, growing produce such as tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers.
Food and cooking: Traditionally, Dutch cuisine was simple and straightforward, with many vegetables and little meat and could be described as rustic. Stew is a traditional winter meal and consists of meat, potatoes and vegetables. Popular Dutch stews are kale or sauerkraut stew with smoked sausage, hodgepodge with potatoes, onions, carrots and meat and stewed potatoes with apples and bacon. Nowadays, the cuisine has become much more cosmopolitan, with most international cuisines being represented in the major cities.
Our programme is called 5+ A Day
Location: New Zealand is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean and consists of two main Islands, the North Island and South Island, Stewart Island to the south with numerous surrounding smaller islands. New Zealand has the Tasman sea to the west, the South Pacific Ocean to east with the Southern Ocean to the south.
Capital City: Wellington
Climate: New Zealand's climate is technically said to be temperate meaning it has relatively mild, wet winters and warm summers. This said, the climate varies from warm subtropical in the far north to cool temperate climates in the far south. Being a maritime country, the weather can change rapidly meaning New Zealanders can experience what seems like four seasons in one day.
Horticulture: New Zealand’s diverse climatic conditions allow the production of a wide range of fruit and vegetables crops. Our horticulture industry continues to grow, with total exports in 2013 of over $3.6 billion. The top fruit and vegetables exported were kiwifruit, apples, potatoes, avocados, peas and squash. Fruit and vegetable exports account for 80% of New Zealand’s merchandise exports.
Food and cooking: When Māori first came to Aotearoa from Hawaiki, they brought four vegetables with them – the kūmara, taro, yam and hue (gourd), these four vegetables were cultivated. Traditionally, kūmara was a dietary staple and highly valued. The most well known Māori dish is the hangi. Pork and root vegetables are wrapped in cabbage leaves and baked in a pit under a fire. A traditional Sunday roast is common in New Zealand during the winter and a BBQ is the norm in the summer. In New Zealand we call sweet potatoes ‘kūmara’ and oca ‘yams’. New Zealand style is often called ‘Pacific Rim’ due to Pacific and Asian cooking influences.
Norway has a 5aday programme called 5 m dagen
Location: Norway is situated in the western and northern parts of the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe.
Capital City: Oslo
Climate: Norway has a cold climate and mountainous terrain.
Horticulture: Because of the cold climate and short growing season most fruit and vegetables are imported. Only a small percent of the land is actually cultivated, mainly for growing cereals and potatoes. However, the cool summer climate means Norway can grow berries and many people grow their own.
Food and cooking: The traditional foods of Norway are influenced by its vast shoreline, well-established dairy farms and short summer season. Meals commonly include fish and seafood, with salmon being the signature dish. Norway is also traditionally known for its root vegetables such as the rutabaga (similar to a turnip). Mushrooms, particularly chanterelles, are also popular side dishes. Berries are popular for dessert.
Peru has a 5aday programme called 5 al dia Peru
Location: Peru is located on South America's central Pacific coast. Peru borders Bolivia, Brazil, and Chile to the east and south, and Colombia and Ecuador to the north.
Capital City: Lima
Climate: Peru has three main climatic zones: the tropical Amazon jungle to the east; the arid coastal desert to the west; and the Andean mountains and highlands in the middle of the country. In the Andes the overnight temperatures can fall well below freezing.
Horticulture: Most produce is grown on the coast of Peru due to the implementation of modern farming techniques and irrigation systems. In addition to cotton, sugar and rice, the traditional farming exports, asparagus, mangoes, lemons, artichokes, and organic bananas are also grown. Peru is Latin America’s biggest potato producer, mainly grown on small farms in the Central Fo.
Food and cooking: Comida Criolla (Creolle Food) is the name given to traditional Peruvian Dishes. Potatoes play an important role in the Peruvian staple diet and are said to have originated in Peru (there are estimated to be over 4,000 different varieties). Potatoes are served with most dishes and prepared in lots of different ways for example, Papa a la Huancaina is sliced boiled potatoes covered in a cheesy, slightly spicy sauce, served on top of lettuce.
Poland has a 5aday programme called 5 Porcji
Location: Poland is located in Central Europe and has many neighbours including Germany, Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia and the Czech Republic.
Capital City: Warsaw
Climate: The climate in Poland varies by region affecting the length of the growing seasons. For example, in the northeast where a harsh continental climate prevails the growing season is very short.
Horticulture: Poland is one of the largest apple producing countries in the world and sits in the top 10 of potato producers and consumers globally.
Food and cooking: Polish food consists of traditional Slavic fare, but also has influences from Italy and France and includes many soups, made with mushrooms, broth and beets. Boiled potatoes are the most commonly eaten side dish with meat. Vegetables are usually boiled.
Location: Samoa is located approximately halfway between New Zealand and Hawaii in the Polynesian region of the South Pacific Ocean.
Capital City: Apia
Climate: Samoa has a tropical climate year-round with an average daily temperature of 28ºC. There is a dry season in Samoa running from May to October and the wet season lasts from November to April. Typhoons occasionally hit Samoa during the wet season.
Horticulture: The majority of Samoan households grow fruit and vegetables for their own and their community’s consumption. On a larger scale, bananas, coconuts and cocoa are grown for export. Taro was the main root crop in Samoa until 1993 when crops were destroyed by a disease called taro leaf blight.
Food and cooking: Food is an important component in most Samoan festivities and celebrations. Cooking is often done outdoors in a traditional ‘umu, which is an oven made by heating stones with fire. The food is wrapped in leaves, placed on the heated stones and covered with mats until cooked. Samoans eat a mixture of local and imported foods. Local staples include seafood and produce such as taro, coconuts, papaya and bananas.
South Africa has a 5aday programme called 5 a day for Better Health Trust
Location: South Africa is located at the southern tip of the continent of Africa. It shares borders in the North with Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; Mozambique and Swaziland lie to the east. Lesotho, lies entirely within the borders of South Africa, in the east central region. The Atlantic Ocean is on the west coast and the Indian Ocean on the east coast.
Capital City: South Africa has three capital cities: Cape Town, Pretoria and Bloemfontein
Climate: South Africa's climate ranges from Mediterranean in the southwest to temperate in the interior plateau, and subtropical in the northeast. A small area in the northwest has a desert climate. Most of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights. Rainfall generally occurs during the summer.
Horticulture: Maize is the most widely grown crop, followed by wheat. Citrus and deciduous fruit (falls off the tree when ripe) are exported, as are locally produced wines and flowers. Other fruit and vegetable crops that are exported include citrus, grapes, apples, pears and quinces.
Food and cooking: Maize and meat are the staples in most of the traditional dishes in South Africa. It is believed that maize has been growing in many parts of South Africa since ancient times. The most popular traditional food is 'mieliepap', a maize and meal porridge. It can be served at breakfast with butter, in the main course or with barbecued meat and often has onion and tomato gravy poured over it. The traditional South African Braai, similar to a BBQ and the Potjie, a cast-iron pot used to cook stews are popular ways of cooking. Indigenous delicacies include foods such as biltong (dried, salted meat), bobotie (similar to Shepherd's pie) and boerewors (hand-made spicy farm sausages). South Africa is sometimes referred to as the Rainbow Nation, referring to the variety of cultures that created the nation, meaning the modern cuisine has an international flavour with fresh fruit and vegetables included.
Spain has a 5aday programme called 5 al Dia
Location: Spain is located in Southwestern Europe and borders France, Portugal and a small country called Andorra.
Capital City: Madrid
Climate: Spain is one of the warmest countries in Europe, with dry summers and winters with balanced temperatures.
Horticulture: Spain has long been Western Europe's leading producer and exporter of oranges and mandarins and also grows apples, pears, peaches, apricots, plums, cherries and figs. Spain also leads production of onions in Western Europe, is second only to Italy in the production of tomatoes and leads the world in the production and export of olives and olive oil.
Food and cooking: Traditionally lunch is the main meal of the day followed with dinner being served between 9pm and 11pm. Tapas are a tradition in Spain. Tapas are small appetizers or snacks, can be served hot or cold and include a range of vegetables such as potatoes, onions and beans. Tapa means ‘to cover’ they were originally used in bars to cover drinks so flies couldn’t take a swim. Spain's culinary traditions rely on locally grown vegetables and fruit as well as meats and poultry. Seafood and fish are popular in coastal areas. Olive oil and garlic are common ingredients used throughout Spain and every region has their own distinct cuisine and specialties. Spanish people eat lots of fresh fruit as snacks or as the last course to their meals. Simple salads and sautéed vegetables are eaten every day.
Sweden has a 5aday programme called 5 om Dan
Location: Sweden is located in northern Europe, in the eastern part of the Scandinavian peninsula. Sweden borders Norway in the West and Finland in the North-East. The Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic lie to the east. The Skagerrak, Kattegat, and Ôresund straits separate Sweden from Denmark and connect to the Baltic and the North Seas.
Capital City: Stockholm
Climate: Sweden’s climate can be described as temperate and is milder than most other countries and regions that lie as far north. Sweden's climate is influenced by the Gulf Stream, a warm ocean stream that flows off Norway's west coast. Sweden's many lakes and the gulfs of Bothnia also contribute to a relatively mild climate.
Horticulture: Horticulture is not one of Sweden’s main industries however, grains (particularly oats, wheat, barley, and rye) are the main crops grown. Potatoes, other root vegetables and fruit also grow in Sweden.
Food and cooking: Regional dishes can vary with the South using more fresh vegetables, while the North is famous for meat dishes. Traditionally, Swedish dishes were known to be filling rather than exotic. Today, however, a more multicultural society and a wide variety of ethnic restaurants have led to an exciting “crossover” style of cuisine emerging with traditional Swedish dishes being reinvented with new foreign influences. Emphasis is placed on meat in most dishes including fresh, pickled and smoked seafood (particularly herring, crayfish, salmon, eel) and game meats such as elk and reindeer.
Switzerland has a 5aday programme called 5 am Tag
Location: Switzerland is a landlocked alpine country located in west central Europe, bordered by France, Austria, Liechtenstein and in the south by Italy
Capital City: Bern
Climate: The climate of Switzerland is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. The westerly winds transporting the sea air to Switzerland, are responsible for the rain levels. The cold and dry northern wind can make temperatures drop very quickly and contribute to the clear skies. The Alps act as a climate barrier; Southern Switzerland, is much milder in climate than Northern Switzerland. The mountainous character of Switzerland is also responsible for spectacular differences in the weather among different regions.
Horticulture: Switzerland has a small fruit and vegetable industry meaning that half of all fruit and vegetables consumed are imported.
Food and cooking: The food of the Swiss is unusual in that it has so many regional influences from the cuisine of its neighbours. This includes the French, German and Italians.
Location: Tonga is located in the South Pacific Ocean, south of Western Samoa and northeast of New Zealand.
Capital City: Nukuʻalofa
Climate: Tonga has a tropical climate throughout the year with average temperatures around 23-28°C. Like Samoa, the wet season lasts from November to April and the dry season is May to October.
Horticulture: Root crops are widely grown in Tonga: taro, yams, cassava and sweet potatoes. Other common crops include: coconut, bananas, vanilla beans, watermelon and squash.
Food and cooking: Local fresh produce in Tonga includes seafood, chicken, pork and a good range of vegetables and fruit. The traditional Tongan cooking method is in an underground oven called ‘umu. Also popular is spit roasting pork and many dishes are cooked in coconut cream.
The United Kingdom has a 5aday programme called 5 A Day Just Eat More
Location: The United Kingdom consists of a collection of islands located off the northwestern coast of Europe between the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. The United Kingdom includes England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Collectively, England, Wales and Scotland known as Great Britain. The United Kingdom also includes numerous small islands. These include the Orkney Islands, the Shetland Islands, the Outer Hebrides, Skye, Mull, Arran, the Isle of Man, the Isles of Scilly, and the Channel Islands.
Capital City: London
Climate: The United Kingdom’s climate can be described as temperate maritime climate, because the Gulf Stream ensures mild, maritime influenced weather. England is famous for its rain and the lush green of its countryside, while Wales and Scotland can be a bit cooler. The dominant influence on Northern Ireland's climate is the Atlantic Ocean meaning it does not suffer from the extremes of temperature that the rest of the United Kingdom can experience.
Horticulture: The largest crops grown in the United Kingdom include wheat, barley, sugar beets and oats. Potatoes and cabbages grow well as do apples, strawberries and other berries. Various crops are grown in different areas of the United Kingdom depending on climate and soil type.
Food and cooking: British cuisine has always been multicultural. In ancient times influence came from the Romans and in medieval times the French. When the Frankish Normans invaded, they brought with them the spices of the east: cinnamon, saffron, mace,nutmeg, pepper, ginger. Sugar came to England at that time, and was considered a spice -- rare and expensive. For centuries the English aristocracy ate only French food as a source of distinction from the peasants. Throughout England today there is a resurgence of traditional foods, recipes and cooking, using wherever possible locally produced, seasonal foods. Today British cuisine can described as unfussy, made with quality local ingredients, and matched with simple sauces to accentuate flavour, rather than disguise it. Some of the dishes that internationally the United Kingdom is famous for are the full breakfast, fish and chips, Sunday roast and bangers and mash. The United Kingdom is also one of the top potato consuming countries in the world.
The United States of America has a 5aday programme called Fruits & Veggies More Matters
Location: The 48 states of the continental United States are located in North America between Mexico and Canada. The state of Hawaii is located in the Pacific Ocean, midway between North America and Asia, and the state of Alaska is located on the extreme northwest corner of North America. The United States also controls a number of small islands in the Caribbean and the Pacific. The nation is the third-largest country in the world in area behind Russia and Canada. It shares borders with both Canada and Mexico.
Capital City: Washington D.C.
Climate: Weather varies widely across the continental USA, as well as in Alaska and Hawaii. In general terms, summers are hot and humid in the plains and southern states, while the southwest is very hot and quite dry. They say ‘It never rains in California’, while Florida also enjoys seemingly endless summers. The Pacific northwest and New England states have warm summers with cool mornings. Winters in the southern states are mild, while in the north, northeast, plains states, and in the western mountains, conditions are often quite cold with heavy snow and sub-freezing temperatures. Severe weather in the form of thunderstorms is a normal spring and summer occurrence; devastating tornadoes are also common in the spring and summer months, especially in the central part of the U.S. Hurricanes occasionally strike the eastern coastline and Gulf of Mexico states from June through October.
Horticulture: The United States is, by far, the largest producer of corn in the world, producing around 30 percent of the world's corn crop for both human and animal consumption. Due to California’s growing-friendly climate it accounts for about half of all fruit and vegetable production in the US, and is the largest producer of grapes, strawberries, peaches, nectarines, kiwifruit, prunes, and plums; is a major producer of a variety of other non-citrus fruit like apples, pears, and sweet cherries; and ranks second in citrus production. Florida is the next largest producer of fruit and vegetables in the US. Florida’s primary fruit crop is citrus. Washington is the largest producer of apples and sweet cherries and an important producer of grapes and pears. 13/06/13 Overall the largest vegetable crops grown are corn, broccoli, head lettuce, onions and carrots. Watermelon is also a big crop in the US by acreage and volume.
Food and cooking: Food in the United States is as diverse as the geography and the people that live there. Each region has its particular style of cooking or special dish, and each dish has a history that involves both the geography and the people. For example Louisiana is known for its Cajun and Creole cooking, influenced by French, Acadian, and Haitian cooking. Examples include Crawfish Etouffee, Red Beans and Rice, Seafood or Chicken Gumbo and Jambalaya. Italian, German, Hungarian and Chinese influences, traditional Native American, Caribbean, Mexican and Greek dishes have also diffused into the general American repertoire. Soul food and Tex Mex are popular in the South. Iconic American food includes apple pie, fried chicken, pizza, hamburgers, and hot dogs. The US is also sometimes referred to as ‘the fast food nation’.
Uruguay has a 5day programme called 5 Por Dia
Location: The second-smallest South American country, Uruguay is situated in the southeastern part of the continent. Uruguay is bordered on the north east by Brazil, on the south east by the Atlantic Ocean and Argentina on the west.
Capital City: Montevideo
Climate: Uruguay has a temperate climate meaning the climate is warm, with rainfall evenly distributed throughout the year. Temperatures rarely fall below freezing. Uruguay however, can suffer from floods and droughts and occasionally experiences the pamper; this is a cold and sometimes violent wind which blows north from the Argentine pampas.
Horticulture: Rice is the major food crop grown, however Uruguay ranks among some of the top exporting nations in Latin America for several fresh fruit categories including blueberries and citrus. Apples and pears are also export crops. The potato originated in South America yet the region has the world's lowest level of potato production.
Food and cooking: The cuisine of Uruguay is traditionally based on its European roots, like Mediterranean foods from Italy, Spain and France, but also from countries such as Germany and Russia. Many foods from these countries such as pasta, sausages, and desserts are common in the nation's diet. The Uruguayan barbecue, asado, is very popular and focuses mostly on meat. Pasta dishes are a staple including ravioli, spaghetti, lasagna and the traditional gnocchi. Although the pasta can be served with a lot of sauces, there is one special sauce that was created by Uruguayans. The Caruso Sauce is a pasta sauce made from double cream, meat extract, onions, ham and mushrooms. Pascualina (or spinach pie) is a traditional dish, similar to spinach pies, found throughout the Mediterranean
Venezuela has a 5aday programme called Cinco al Dia
Location: Venezuela is located on the northern coast of South America. It is bordered by Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south.
Capital City: Caracas
Climate: Venezuela is located entirely in the tropics. The temperature varies very little during the year and most parts of the country maintain an average of over 25°C. Like all tropical countries, Venezuela has only two seasons, the dry season, known as verano, and the rainy season, known as invierno, marked by the difference in rainfall rather than temperature. The mountainous regions can get cold, especially at night, and there is even snow in the highest parts of the Andes. Generally, the dry season is from December to April/May, and the rainy season lasts for the rest of the year. Rainfall, however, can occur during the dry season, and the rainy season often has dry months.
Horticulture: Venezuela does not have the rich soil of many other Latin American countries, however the tropical climate does make it favourable for growing the main fruit crops of bananas, plantains, oranges and mangoes.
Food and cooking: The cuisine in Venezuela is usually full of flavour and takes influence from Europe, especially Italian, Spanish and French. But you can also find indigenous as well as African influences. As Venezuela is such a large and diverse country, each region has its own distinctive regional cooking. The food in the Amazon region varies a lot from the rest of Venezuela. The main ingredients include yucca, corn, beans, bananas and even the odd deep fried ant. Arepa is the most famous dish from Venezuela, and is a cornmeal cake that can be grilled, baked or fried. It is split open and filled with a variety of fillings such as cheese and meats. Arepa is a basic part of the Venezuelan diet and is eaten in place of bread in most meals. The enslada caprese, although a famous Italian dish is very popular in Venezuela as well. The caprese salad consists of tomato, mozzarella cheese and fresh basil.