5+ A Day
Oranges - Valencia



New Zealand Valencia oranges are available from November to February.


Storage and Handling

Store at room temperature. Handle all fresh produce with care and wash before eating.


General Orange History

Oranges originated as a sour fruit growing wild in China.  They were cultivated in China perhaps as early as 2500 B.C.  Around the first century A.D. Romans obtained the fruit after long sea voyages.  The Moors planted orange trees in Northern Africa around the first century A.D. and planting spread to Spain.  By 1200 A.D. oranges were widely grown in Spain and Portugal. The original Valencia was discovered in Valencia, Spain, hence its name.



  • Oranges are citrus fruit related to mandarins, lemons, limes and grapefruit
  • Oranges have a high vitamin C content and played a role in preventing sailors from getting scurvy on long sea trips
  • Oranges are the largest of the citrus crops
  • Have from one to six seeds in the fruit


Growing Facts

  • Oranges grow on evergreen trees that can produce leaves, blossoms and fruit all at the same time
  • If oranges are left on the tree they may turn from orange back to green.  This does not affect their flavour
  • Oranges grow in sub-tropical or semi-tropical regions of Brazil, United States, Mexico, Spain, New Zealand and many more countries

Nutrition Information

1 orange - 128g

  Avg Quantity per serving Avg Quantity per 100g
Energy (kJ/Cal) 241/58 188/45
Protein (g) 1.13 0.88
Fat, total (g) 0.38 0.3
- saturated (g) 0.071 0.056
Carbohydrate (g) 10.98 8.58
- sugars (g) 10.82 8.45
Dietary Fibre (g) 0.26 0.2
Sodium (mg) 3.46 2.7
Vitamin C (mg) 45.57 35.6
Folate (µg) 55 43
Niacin (mg) 1.1 0.93
Potassium (mg) 204.8 160
Thiamin (mg) 0.09 0.07
Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.077 0.06
Calcium (mg) 37.12 29
Vitamin E (mg) 0.294 0.23
Vitamin A Equiv. (µg) 18.18 14.2
Riboflavin (mg) 0.038 0.03
Iron (mg) 0.166 0.13
Zinc (mg) 0.09 0.07
Selenium (µg) 0.06 0.05

Source: The Concise New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 10th Edition, Plant & Food Research – 2014